SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 001-40764
WAG! GROUP CO.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
55 Francisco Street, Suite 360
San Francisco, California
|(Address of Principal Executive Offices)||(Zip Code)|
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share||PET||The Nasdaq Global Market|
|Warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share||PETWW||The Nasdaq Global Market|
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the
registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
|Large accelerated filer|
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x
As of November 9, 2022, there were approximately 36,782,888 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
On August 9, 2022 (the “Closing Date” or "Merger Date"), CHW Acquisition Corporation, our predecessor company and a special purpose acquisition company (“CHW”) sponsored by CHW Acquisition Sponsor, LLC ("the Sponsor"), consummated the previously announced merger (the “Merger”) with Wag Labs, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an American pet services marketplace company powering a mobile-first technology platform that enables on-demand and scheduled dog walking, overnight care, training, and other pet care services (“Legacy Wag!”), and CHW Merger Sub, Inc. (“Merger Sub”), a Delaware corporation and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of CHW. Pursuant to the Merger, Merger Sub merged with and into Legacy Wag!, with Legacy Wag! surviving the Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of CHW. The Merger was approved by CHW’s stockholders at a meeting held on July 28, 2022.
Immediately following the closing of the business combination, our name was changed to Wag! Group Co. (“New Wag!” or "Wag!") and our common stock and warrants to purchase common stock trade on Nasdaq under the symbols “PET” and “PETWW”, respectively.
Unless otherwise stated or unless the context otherwise requires, references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to (1) “Legacy Wag!” refers to Wag Labs, Inc., a Delaware corporation, prior to the Merger, (2) “CHW” refers to CHW Acquisition Corporation, a Cayman Islands entity and our legal predecessor, prior to the Merger, and (3) “Wag!,” "New Wag!", the “Company,” “Registrant,” “we,” “us” and “our” refers to Wag! Group Co., a Delaware corporation formerly known as CHW Acquisition Corporation, and where appropriate, our wholly owned subsidiaries.
Table of Contents
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, statements under the headings "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Some of the forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking words. Statements that are not historical in nature, including the words “anticipate,” “expect,” “suggests,” “plan,” “believe,” “intend,” “estimates,” “targets,” “projects,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “may,” “will,” “forecast” and other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements include those related to the Company’s ability to further develop and advance its pet service offerings and achieve scale; ability to attract personnel; market opportunity, anticipated growth, and future financial performance, including management’s financial outlook for the future. Forward-looking statements are predictions, projections and other statements about future events that are based on current expectations and assumptions and, as a result, are subject to risks and uncertainties. Many factors could cause actual future events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements in this press release, including but not limited to: management’s financial outlook for 2022; market adoption of the Company’s pet service offerings and solutions; the ability of the Company to protect its intellectual property; changes in the competitive industries in which the Company operates; changes in laws and regulations affecting the Company’s business; the Company’s ability to implement its business plans, forecasts and other expectations, and identify and realize additional partnerships and opportunities; and the risk of downturns in the market and the technology industry. The foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive. You should carefully consider the foregoing factors and the other risks and uncertainties, including information described under Part II, Item 1A: “Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other documents filed by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These filings identify and address other important risks and uncertainties that could cause actual events and results to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. Readers are cautioned not to put undue reliance on forward-looking statements, and the Company assumes no obligation and do not intend to update or revise these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. The Company does not give any assurance that it will achieve its expectations.
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Wag! Group Co.
(f/k/a CHW Acquisition Corporation)
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except for share amounts and per share data)
|September 30, 2022||December 31, 2021|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||28,024 ||$||2,845 |
|Restricted cash||24,719 ||— |
|Short-term investments available for sale||— ||2,554 |
|Accounts receivable, net||6,336 ||2,638 |
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||3,554 ||3,043 |
|Deferred offering costs||— ||930 |
|Total current assets||$||62,633 ||$||12,010 |
|Property and equipment, net||67 ||90 |
|Operating lease, right of use assets, net||263 ||— |
|Intangible assets, net||2,517 ||2,888 |
|Goodwill||1,427 ||1,427 |
|Other assets||78 ||47 |
|Total assets||$||66,985 ||$||16,462 |
|Liabilities, mezzanine equity and stockholders’ equity|| || |
|Accounts payable||$||4,961 ||$||2,299 |
|Accrued expenses and other current liabilities||5,556 ||4,601 |
|Deferred revenue||2,186 ||1,888 |
|Deferred purchase consideration – current portion||750 ||750 |
|Operating lease liabilities||313 ||— |
|Notes Payable – current portion||1,169 ||442 |
|Forward share purchase agreements derivative liability||19,668 ||— |
|Total current liabilities||34,603 ||9,980 |
Notes Payable – non-current portion, net of debt discount and warrant allocation of $7.8 million
|24,494 ||1,200 |
|Deferred purchase consideration – non-current portion||651 ||1,130 |
|Total liabilities||$||59,748 ||$||12,310 |
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8) | || |
Redeemable convertible preferred stock par value $0.0001, 1,000,000 shares and 24,545,386 shares authorized and nil and 23,858,824 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively; aggregate liquidation preference of $67,417 as of December 31, 2021
|— ||110,265 |
|Total mezzanine equity||$||— ||$||110,265 |
|Stockholders’ deficit:|| || |
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 110,000,000 and 43,763,126 shares authorized, 38,095,337 and 6,121,253 outstanding at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
|$||4 ||$||1 |
|Additional paid-in capital||161,454 ||3,736 |
|Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)||7,237 ||(106,113)|
|Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and stockholders’ deficit||$||66,985 ||$||16,462 |
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Wag! Group Co.
(f/k/a CHW Acquisition Corporation)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands except for share amounts and per share data)
|Three Months Ended September 30,||Nine Months Ended September 30,|
|Revenues||$||15,379 ||$||5,880 ||$||37,829 ||$||12,036 |
|Costs and expenses:|
|Cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)||1,021 ||861 ||3,027 ||1,934 |
|Platform operations and support||5,641 ||2,508 ||11,035 ||7,768 |
|Sales and marketing ||11,290 ||3,151 ||24,656 ||4,991 |
|General and administrative||23,781 ||1,972 ||28,546 ||4,968 |
|Depreciation and amortization||134 ||122 ||431 ||232 |
|Total costs and expenses||41,867 ||8,614 ||67,695 ||19,893 |
|Change in fair value of derivative liability||(13,708)||— ||(13,708)||— |
|Gain on forgiveness of PPP loan||— ||3,482 ||— ||3,482 |
|Interest (expense) income, net||(735)||9 ||(784)||(5)|
|Income (loss) before income taxes||(40,931)||757 ||(44,358)||(4,380)|
|Income tax benefit (expense)||— ||797 ||(13)||793 |
|Net income (loss)||$||(40,931)||$||1,554 ||$||(44,371)||$||(3,587)|
|Net earnings (loss) per share|| || || || |
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)
Weighted average common shares outstanding and dilutive potential common shares (diluted)
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Wag! Group Co.
(f/k/a CHW Acquisition Corporation)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Mezzanine Equity and Stockholders’ Deficit
(in thousands, except share data)
Stock – Mezzanine
|Balance at December 31, 2021||24,545,386||$||110,265 ||6,297,398||$||1 ||$||3,736 ||$||(109,850)||$||— ||$||(106,113)|
|Reverse recapitalization ||(686,562)||—||(176,145)||—||—||—||—||—|
|As adjusted, beginning of period||23,858,824||$||110,265 ||6,121,253||$||1 ||$||3,736 ||$||(109,850)||$||— ||$||(106,113)|
|Shares issued upon exercise of stock options||—||— ||19,926||— ||— ||— ||— ||— |
|Preferred Series P Issuance, net of issuance costs||1,100,000||10,925 ||—||— ||— ||— ||— ||— |
|Stock-based compensation||—||— ||—||— ||94 ||— ||— ||94 |
|Net loss||—||— ||—||— ||— ||(3,440)||— ||(3,440)|
|Balance at June 30, 2022||24,958,824||$||121,190 ||6,141,179||$||1 ||$||3,830 ||$||(113,290)||$||— ||$||(109,459)|
|Shares issued upon exercise of stock options||—||— ||1,761||— ||— ||— ||— ||— |
|Conversion of Series P preferred stock to common||(1,100,000)||(10,925)||1,100,000||— ||10,925 ||— ||— ||10,925 |
|Conversion of preferred to common stock||(23,858,824)||(110,265)||23,858,824||2 ||110,263 ||— ||— ||110,265 |
|Stock-based compensation||—||— ||47,609||— ||55 ||— ||— ||55 |
Stock-based compensation due to Earnout Shares
|—||— ||—||— ||23,867 ||— ||— ||23,867 |
Issuance of Community Shares
|—||— ||300,000||— ||1,971 ||— ||— ||1,971 |
|Business Combination with CHW, net of transaction costs and other related shares||—||— ||6,645,964||1 ||10,543 ||— ||— ||10,544 |
|Net loss||—||— ||—||— ||— ||(40,931)||— ||(40,931)|
|Balance at September 30, 2022||—||$||— ||38,095,337||$||4 ||$||161,454 ||$||(154,221)||$||— ||$||7,237 |
|Redeemable Preferred |
Stock – Mezzanine
|Common Stock, net of |
|Shares|| ||Amount|| ||Shares|| ||Amount|| || || || |
|Balance at December 31, 2020||24,545,386||$||110,265 ||5,629,095||$||1 ||$||3,345 ||$||(103,539)||$||1 ||$||(100,192)|
|As adjusted, beginning of period||23,858,824||$||110,265 ||5,471,643||$||1 ||$||3,345 ||$||(103,539)||$||1 ||$||(100,192)|
|Shares issued upon exercise of stock options||—||— ||9,315||— ||1 ||— ||— ||1 |
|Stock-based compensation||—||— ||—||— ||122 ||— ||— ||122 |
|Net loss||—||— ||—||— ||— ||(5,141)||— ||(5,141)|
|Balance at June 30, 2021||23,858,824||$||110,265 ||5,480,958||$||1 ||$||3,468 ||$||(108,680)||$||1 ||$||(105,210)|
|Shares issued upon exercise of stock options||—||$||— ||9,942||$||— ||$||1 ||$||— ||$||— ||$||1 |
|Shares issued upon acquisition||—||$||— ||621,362||$||166 ||$||166 |
|Stock-based compensation||—||— ||—||— ||60 ||— ||— ||60|
|Other comprehensive loss||—||— ||—||— ||— ||— ||(1)||(1)|
|Net income||—||— ||—||— ||— ||1,554 ||— ||1,554 |
|Balance at September 30, 2021||23,858,824||$||110,265 ||6,112,262||$||1 ||$||3,695 ||$||(107,126)||$||— ||$||(103,430)|
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Wag! Group Co.
(f/k/a CHW Acquisition Corporation)
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
|Nine Months Ended September 30,|
|Cash flows from operating activities|
|Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities: || |
|Stock-based compensation||24,016 ||182 |
|Loss on disposal of property and equipment||— ||14 |
|Gain on PPP loan forgiveness||— ||(3,482)|
|Amortization (accretion) from investments and financing arrangements||141 ||— |
|Provision for deferred taxes||— ||(792)|
|Depreciation and amortization ||431 ||232 |
|Issuance of Community Shares to Pet Caregivers||1,971 ||— |
|Noncash interest – deferred purchase consideration||83 ||— |
|Noncash change in fair value of derivatives ||13,708 ||— |
|Changes in operating assets and liabilities:|
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||(512)||(687)|
|Other assets||— ||879 |
|Accounts payable||2,662 ||(233)|
|Operating lease liabilities||19 ||— |
|Accrued expenses and other current liabilities||1,674 ||(897)|
|Deferred revenue||298 ||35 |
|Other non-current liabilities||— ||(148)|
|Net cash used in operating activities||(3,578)||(10,350)|
|Cash flows from investing activities|| || |
|Purchases of short-term investments||— ||(15,618)|
|Proceeds from sale and maturity of short-term investments||2,550 ||22,083 |
|Payment of deferred purchase consideration||(562)||(1,509)|
|Purchase of property and equipment||(36)||— |
|Net cash provided by investing activities||1,952 ||4,956 |
|Cash flows from financing activities|| || |
|Proceeds from exercises of stock options||— ||2 |
|Payments on PPP loan||(331)||— |
|Proceeds from Blue Torch Financing Agreement||29,445 ||— |
|Proceeds from the issuance of Series P preferred stock, net of issuance costs||10,925 ||— |
|Proceeds from Business Combination with CHW, net of transaction costs||11,485 ||— |
|Net cash provided by financing activities||51,524 ||2 |
|Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash||49,898 ||(5,392)|
|Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period||2,845 ||7,065 |
|Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period||$||52,743||$||1,673|
|Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:|| || |
|Cash paid during the year for interest||(784)||— |
|Cash paid during the year for income taxes||14 ||— |
|Shares issued upon acquisition||— ||166 |
Non-cash financing transactions:
Forward share purchase agreements
|5,242 ||— |
Conversion of preferred shares to common stock
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Wag! Group Co. (formerly known as CHW Acquisition Corp)
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
1. Description of the Business
Wag! Group. Co. (“Wag!”, "Wag", the “Company”, “we” or “our”) formerly known as CHW Acquisition Corporation is incorporated in Delaware with headquarters in San Francisco, California. The Company develops and supports proprietary marketplace technologies available as a website and mobile app (“platform” or “marketplace”) that enables independent pet caregivers (“PCG”) to connect with pet parents (“Services”) and third party service partners to provide a suite of pet wellness services and products (“Wag! Wellness” or "Wellness"), including pet expert advice, pet wellness plans, and pet insurance comparison tools. The platform allows pet parents (also referred to as “end-user(s)”), who require specific pet care services, to make service requests in the platform, which are then fulfilled by PCGs. Additionally, in August 2021, the Company launched a suite of pet wellness services and products (“Wag! Wellness”), including pet expert advice, pet wellness plans, and pet insurance comparison tools. The Company operates in the United States.
On August 9, 2022 (the “Closing Date” or "Merger Date"), Wag! Labs, Inc. ("Legacy Wag!"), CHW Acquisition Corporation (“CHW”), and CHW Merger Sub, Inc. (“Merger Sub”) pursuant to the terms of the Business Combination Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Business Combination Agreement”) dated February 2, 2022, completed the business combination of Legacy Wag! and CHW which was effected by the merger of Merger Sub with and into Legacy Wag!, with Legacy Wag! surviving the Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of CHW (the “Merger,” and, together with the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, the “Business Combination”). Upon completion of the Merger on August 9, 2022, the Company changed its name to Wag Group Co. and effectively assumed all of CHW’s material operations. Refer to Note 3 - Business Combinations for more information regarding the Merger.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
We have prepared the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) applicable to interim financial statements. Accordingly, certain information related to our significant accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021 and the related notes which provide a more complete discussion of the Company’s accounting policies and certain other information. The December 31, 2021 condensed consolidated balance sheet was derived from the Company’s audited financial statements.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s condensed consolidated financial position as of September 30, 2022 and its results of operations, changes in mezzanine equity and stockholders’ deficit and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021. The results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022 or for any other future annual or interim period.
The shares and per share amounts, prior to the Merger, have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting conversion at the exchange ratio of 0.97 established in the Business Combination Agreement.
Operating segments are defined as components of an entity for which separate financial information is available and that is regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to allocate resources to an individual segment and in assessing performance. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer is the Company’s CODM. The CODM reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis for
purposes of making operating decisions, allocating resources, and evaluating financial performance of the Company. As such, the Company has determined that it operates as one operating segment.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates, judgements, and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on various factors, including historical experience, and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, when these carrying values are not readily available from other sources.
Significant items subject to estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, fair values of financial instruments, assumptions used in the valuation of common and preferred stock, valuation of stock- based compensation and warrants, and the valuation allowance for deferred income taxes. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
The Company accounts for business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires, among other things, allocation of the fair value of purchase consideration to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their estimated fair values on the acquisition date. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the values of these identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill. When determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management makes significant estimates and assumptions, especially with respect to the valuation of intangible assets. Management’s estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable and, as a result, actual results may differ from estimates. During the measurement period, not to exceed one year from the date of acquisition, the Company may record adjustments to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with a corresponding offset to goodwill if new information is obtained related to facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are reflected in the consolidated statements of operations. Acquisition costs, such as legal and consulting fees, are expensed as incurred.
Certain Significant Risks and Uncertainties
The Company has experienced negative cash flows since inception and had an accumulated deficit of $154.2 million and $109.9 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Historically, the Company has primarily financed its operations through equity financings. The Company intends to finance its future operations through its existing cash and investments. The Company believes that these sources of liquidity will be sufficient to meet its operating needs for at least the next 12 months.
Since December 2019, the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) has spread throughout the United States and in many other countries globally. The extent to which the Company’s operations will continue to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic will depend largely on future developments including the emergence of new variants and actions by government authorities and private businesses to contain new outbreaks of the pandemic or respond to its impact, among other things. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted our business operations, results of operations, financial position, liquidity, and cash flows. The Company’s revenues in 2021 decreased compared to the pre-COVID revenues, and the extent of the impact of the pandemic on our business and financial results will depend largely on future developments both globally and within the United States, including the impact on capital, foreign currencies exchange and financial markets, governmental or regulatory orders that impact our business and whether the impacts may result in permanent changes to our end-user’ behavior, all of which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consist primarily of cash on deposit as well as investments in money market funds that are readily convertible into cash and purchased with original maturities of three months or less.
Restrictions on cash primarily relate to funds that are held to support contractual obligations. As of September 30, 2022, this restricted cash balance comprises $24.7 million placed in escrow, and associated interest earned on that balance, in connection with the requirements of the Forward Purchase Agreements entered into by the Company in connection with the Business Combination as more fully described in Note 3 - Business Combinations.
Investments consist mainly of short-term U.S. government and agency securities, money market funds, commercial paper, and corporate bonds. The Company invests in a diversified portfolio of investments and limits the concentration of its investment in any particular security. Securities with original maturities greater than three months, but less than one year, are included in current assets. All investments are classified as available-for-sale and reported at fair value with unrealized gains and losses reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity. Management judges whether a decline in value is temporary based on the length of time that the fair market value has been below cost and the severity of the decline. There were no impairments of investments recorded in the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.
Accounts receivable primarily represent amounts charged by payment processors on behalf of the Company that are in the process of clearing. These amounts are generally cleared in one to three business days. Additionally, the Company records accounts receivable for commission fees earned but not yet received from third parties in connection with Wag! Wellness services. Substantially all accounts receivable are collected and bad debt expense or the allowance for doubtful accounts were not material.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. The estimated useful lives are as follows:
|Estimated useful life|
|Capitalized software||3 years|
|Leasehold improvements||Shorter of estimated useful life or lease term|
Maintenance and repair costs are charged to expense as incurred.
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired in a business combination. Goodwill is not amortized, but is tested for impairment at least annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset may be impaired. Our annual impairment test is performed in the fourth quarter of each year and the Company’s impairment tests are based on a single operating segment and reporting unit structure. Prior to performing a quantitative evaluation, an assessment of qualitative factors may be performed to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying value. If the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment charge is recognized for the excess of the carrying value of the reporting unit over its fair value.
Intangible Assets, Net
Intangible assets are recorded at fair value as of the date of acquisition and amortized on a straight- line basis over their estimated useful lives.
Impairment of Intangible Assets
The Company reviews its definite-lived intangibles and other long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group may not be fully recoverable. When such events occur, management determines whether there has been impairment by comparing the anticipated undiscounted future net cash flows to the carrying value of the asset or asset group. If impairment exists, the assets are written down to its estimated fair value. No impairment of definite- lived intangible and long-lived assets was recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.
Software Development Costs
The Company incurs costs related to the development of its technology platform. The Company will begin to capitalize costs related to technology development when preliminary development efforts are successfully completed, management has authorized and committed project funding, it is probable that the project will be completed, and the technology will be used as intended. Such costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the related asset, which is generally three years. Costs incurred prior to meeting these criteria, together with costs incurred for training and maintenance, are expensed. Costs incurred for significant enhancements that are expected to result in additional functionality are capitalized and expensed over the estimated useful life of the upgrades. Capitalized development costs are included in property and equipment, net, in the balance sheets, and amortization expense is included in depreciation and amortization in the statements of operations.
The Company has an equity incentive plan under which it grants equity awards, including stock options. The Company determines compensation expense associated with stock options based on the estimated grant date fair value method using the Black-Scholes valuation model. The Black-Scholes model considers several variables and assumptions in estimating the fair value of stock-based awards. These variables include per share fair value of the underlying common stock, exercise price, expected term, risk-free interest rate, expected stock price volatility over the expected term, and expected annual dividend yield.
For all stock options granted, the Company calculates the expected term using the simplified method as it has limited historical exercise data to provide a reasonable basis upon which to otherwise estimate expected term, and the options have characteristics of “plain-vanilla” options. The risk-free interest rate is based on the yield available on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues similar in duration to the expected term of the stock-based award. Due to the limited trading history of the Company’s common stock, the expected volatility assumption is generally based on volatilities of a peer group of similar companies whose share prices are publicly available. The Company will continue to apply this process until a sufficient amount of historical information regarding the volatility of its own common stock price becomes available. The Company utilizes a dividend yield of zero, as it has no history or plan of declaring dividends on its common stock.
The Company generally recognizes compensation expense using a straight-line amortization method over the respective service period for awards that are ultimately expected to vest. Stock-based compensation expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 has been reduced for actual forfeitures.
In connection with the Business Combination, Legacy Wag! stockholders and certain members of management and employees of Legacy Wag! that held either a share of common stock, a Legacy Wag! option or a Legacy Wag! RSU Award (collectively "Eligible Company Equityholders") at the date of the Merger, have the contingent right to Earnout Shares as more fully described in Note 3 - Business Combinations. For Eligible Company Equityholders who were employees or members of management immediately prior to the completion of the Merger, the rights to the Earnout Shares fully vested on the Merger Date and represent a separate award from their existing share-based payment award. In addition, the rights of the Earnout awards are not dependent upon continued employment by the employee or management with the Company in order to receive the Earnout shares if the conditions of issuance are met in the future. The Company determined that the market condition will not affect the term over which the related compensation expense will be recorded because the employee is not required to be employed at the time the market condition is achieved in order to vest in the award. As such, all service conditions were met and, in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation (“ASC
718”), the company recorded a charge to stock compensation of $23.9 million on the Merger Date for the full fair value of the employee and management Earnout Shares awarded.
The Company accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability approach, which requires the recognition of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial or tax returns. The measurement of the deferred items is based on enacted tax laws. In the event the future consequences of differences between financial reporting basis and the tax basis of assets and liabilities result in a deferred tax asset, the Company evaluates the probability of being able to realize the future benefits indicated by such asset. A valuation allowance related to a deferred tax asset is recorded when it is more likely than not that either some portion or the entire deferred tax asset will not be realized. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce the deferred tax assets to the amount of future tax benefit that is more likely than not to be realized. We regularly review the deferred tax assets for recoverability based on historical taxable income or loss, projected future taxable income or loss, the expected timing of the reversals of existing temporary differences and tax planning strategies. Our judgment regarding future profitability may change due to many factors, including future market conditions and the ability to successfully execute the business plans and/or tax planning strategies. Should there be a change in the ability to recover deferred tax assets, our income tax provision would increase or decrease in the period in which the assessment is changed.
The Company recognizes a tax benefit from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the position is sustainable, based solely on its technical merits and consideration of the relevant taxing authorities’ administrative practices and precedents. The tax benefits recognized from such positions are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being recognized upon settlement. The Company did not recognize any tax benefits from uncertain tax positions during the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.
The Company measures certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. In accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”), the Company uses the fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value.
Level 1 — Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than Level 1, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs for which there are little or no market data and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
The carrying amounts of financial instruments, including cash equivalents, investments, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities approximate their respective fair value due to their short period of maturities.
Concentration of Credit Risk
Cash, cash equivalents, investments, and amounts at payment processors are potentially subject to concentration of credit risk. Such balances are maintained at financial institutions that management determines to be of high-credit quality. Cash accounts at each institution are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") up to certain limits. At times, such deposits may be in excess of the FDIC insurance limit. The Company has not experienced any losses on its deposits.
The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with its Customers. Through its Services offerings, the Company principally generates Service revenue from service fees charged to PCGs for use of the platform to discover pet service opportunities and to successfully complete a pet care service to a pet parent. The Company also generates revenue from subscription fees paid by pet parents for Wag! Premium, and fees paid by PCGs to join the platform. Additionally, through its Wellness offerings, the Company generates revenue through commission fees paid by third party service partners in the form of ‘revenue-per-action’ or conversion activity defined in our agreements with the third party service partner. For some of the Company’s arrangements with third party service partners, the transaction price is considered variable, and an estimate of the transaction price is recorded when the action occurs. The estimated transaction price used in the variable consideration is based on historical data with the respective third-party service partner and the consideration is measured and settled monthly.
The Company enters into terms of service with PCGs and pet parents to use the platform (“Terms of Service Agreements”), as well as an Independent Contractor Agreement (“ICA”) with PCGs (the ICA, together with the Terms of Service Agreements, the “Agreements”). The Agreements govern the fees the Company charges the PCGs for each transaction. Upon acceptance of a transaction, PCGs agree to perform the services that are requested by a pet parent. The acceptance of a transaction request combined with the Agreements establishes enforceable rights and obligations for each transaction. A contract exists between the Company and the PCGs after both the PCGs and pet parent accept a transaction request and the PCGs ability to cancel the transaction lapses. For Wag! Wellness revenue, the Company enters into agreements with third party service partners which define the action by a pet parent that results in the Company earning and receiving a commission fee from the third-party service partner.
Wag!’s service obligations are performed, and revenue is recognized for fees earned from PCGs related to the facilitation and completion of a pet service transaction between the pet parent and the PCG through the use of our platform. Revenue generated from the Company’s Wag! Premium subscription is recognized on a ratable basis over the contractual period, which is generally one month to one year depending on the type of subscription purchased by the pet parent. Unused subscription amounts are recorded as gift card and subscription liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Revenue related to the fees paid by the PCG to join the platform are recognized upon processing of the applications. Wag! Wellness revenue performance obligation is completed, and revenue is recognized when an end-user completes an action or conversion activity.
Principal vs. Agent Considerations
Judgment is required in determining whether the Company is the principal or agent in transactions with PCGs and pet parents. The Company evaluated the presentation of revenues on a gross or net basis based on whether the Company controls the service provided to the pet parent and is the principal (i.e., “gross”), or whether the Company arranges for other parties to provide the service to the pet parent and is an agent (i.e. “net”). This determination also impacts the presentation of incentives provided to both PCGs and pet parents, as well as discounts and promotions offered to pet parents to the extent they are not customers.
The Company’s role in a transaction on the platform is to facilitate PCGs finding, applying, and completing a successful pet care service for a pet parent. The Company has concluded it is the agent in transactions with PCGs and pet parents because, among other factors, the Company’s role is to facilitate pet service opportunities to PCGs and it is not responsible for nor controls the delivery of pet services provided by the PCGs to the pet parents.
The Company sells gift cards that can be redeemed by pet parents through the platform. Proceeds from the sale of gift cards are deferred and recorded as contract liabilities in gift card and subscription liabilities on the balance sheets until pet parents use the card to place orders on our platform. When gift cards are redeemed, revenue is recognized on a net basis as the difference between the amounts collected from the purchaser less amounts remitted to PCGs. Unused gift cards are recorded as gift card and subscription liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet.
The Company offers discounts and promotions to encourage use of the Company’s platform. These are offered in various forms of discounts and promotions and include:
Targeted pet parent discounts and promotions: These discounts and promotions are offered to a limited number of pet parents in a specific market to acquire, re-engage, or generally increase pet parents’ use of the platform, and are akin to a coupon. The Company records the cost of these discounts and promotions as sales and marketing expenses at the time they are redeemed by the pet parent.
Market-wide promotions: These promotions are pricing actions in the form of discounts that reduce the price pet parents pay PCGs for services. These promotions result in a lower fee earned by the Company from the PCG. Accordingly, the Company records the cost of these promotions as a reduction of revenues at the time the PCG service is completed. Discounts on services offered through our subscription program are also recorded as a reduction of revenues.
Cost of Revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
Cost of revenues consists of costs directly related to revenue generating transactions, which primarily includes fees paid to payment processors for payment processing fees, hosting and platform-related infrastructure costs, third-party costs for background checks for Pet Caregivers, and other costs arising as a result of revenue transactions that take place on our platform, excluding depreciation and amortization.
Platform Operations and Support
Platform operations and support expenses include personnel-related compensation costs of technology and operations teams, and third-party operations support costs.
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expenses include personnel-related compensation costs of the marketing team, advertising expenses, and pet parent incentives. Sales and marketing expenses are expensed as incurred. Advertising expenses, excluding the impact of partnership investment costs, were $1.7 million and $1.8 million months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $5.2 million and $2.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses include personnel-related compensation costs for corporate employees, such as management, accounting, and legal as well as insurance and other expenses used to operate the business.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization expenses primarily consist of depreciation and amortization expenses associated with the Company’s property and equipment. Amortization includes expenses associated with the Company’s capitalized software and website development, as well as acquired intangible assets.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The Company computes net income (loss) per common stock following the two-class method required for multiple classes of common stock and participating securities. The Company considers the redeemable preferred stock to be participating securities. The two-class method requires income (loss) available to common stockholders for the period to be allocated between multiple classes of common stock and participating securities based upon their respective rights to receive dividends as if all income (loss) for the period had been distributed. The holders of the Company’s redeemable preferred stock would be entitled to dividends in preference to common stockholders, at specified rates, if declared. Such dividends are not cumulative. Any remaining earnings would be distributed among the holders of redeemable preferred stock and common stock
pro rata. Holders of the Company’s redeemable preferred stock are not contractually obligated to participate in the Company’s losses. As such, the Company’s net losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were not allocated to these participating securities.
Basic net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The diluted net income (loss) per share is computed by giving effect to all potentially dilutive securities outstanding for the period. For periods in which the Company reports net losses, diluted net loss per common stock is the same as basic net loss per common stock, because all potentially dilutive securities are anti-dilutive.
Accounting for Warrants
The Company accounts for warrants as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the instruments’ specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance in ASC 480 and ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”). The assessment considers whether the instruments are free standing financial instruments pursuant to ASC 480, meet the definition of a liability pursuant to ASC 480, and whether the instruments meet all of the requirements for equity classification under ASC 815, including whether the instruments are indexed to the Company’s own common shares and whether the instrument holders could potentially require “net cash settlement” in a circumstance outside of the Company’s control, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent period end date while the instruments are outstanding. Management has concluded that the Public Warrants and Private Placement Warrants issued pursuant to the Business Combination qualify for equity accounting treatment. Additionally, the Company considers its warrants ("Lender Warrants") issued in conjunction with the Blue Torch Financing Arrangement (see Note 9 - Debt for additional detail) to be equity classified since they do not meet the liability classification criteria. For further detail on the Company's Warrants (Public, Private and Lender), refer to Note 10 - Stockholders’ Deficit and Mezzanine Equity.
Forward Share Purchase Agreements
The Company accounts for the Forward Share Purchase Agreements ("FPAs"") as a liability under ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, because it embodies an obligation to repurchase the Company’s shares by paying cash. Therefore, the option is classified as a current liability and is measured at fair value on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. The unrealized gains and losses from changes in the fair value of the FPAs is reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.This liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date until exercised, and any change in fair value is recognized in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. For more information, refer to Note 6 - Fair Value Measurements.
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year financial information to conform to the current year presentation. In particular, certain Money market funds have been reclassified out of Short-term investments available for sale and into Cash and cash equivalents on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted
The Company has applied the option given to public companies to adopt new or revised accounting guidance as an “emerging growth company” under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”) either (1) within the same time periods as those otherwise applicable to public business entities, or (2) within the same time periods as private companies, including early adoption when permissible. When permissible, the Company has elected to adopt new or revised accounting guidance within the same time period as private companies, as indicated below.
On January 1, 2022, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This standard requires lessees to recognize all leases with initial terms in excess of one year on their balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and a lease liability at the commencement date. The Company adopted the new leases standard utilizing the modified retrospective transition method, under which amounts in
prior periods presented were not restated. For contracts existing at the time of adoption, the Company elected to not reassess (i) whether any are or contain leases, (ii) lease classification, and (iii) initial direct costs. The Company also elected the practical expedient to combine non-lease components and lease components for real estate leases. Upon adoption, the Company recorded $0.5 million of right-of-use assets and $0.5 million of lease liabilities on its condensed consolidated balance sheet.
On January 1, 2022, the Company adopted ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This ASU removes certain exceptions to the general principles of Topic 740 and provides clarification and simplification of existing guidance. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 did not have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.
Accounting Standards Issued but Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, (Topic 326), Financial Instruments — Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments which amends the current accounting guidance and requires the use of the new forward-looking “expected loss” model, rather than the “incurred loss” model, which requires all expected losses to be determined based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This guidance amends the accounting for credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments including trade and other receivables, held-to-maturity debt securities, loans, and other instruments.
In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10 to postpone the effective date of ASU No. 2016-13 for public business entities eligible to be smaller reporting companies ("SRCs") as defined by the SEC. ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for SRCs for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on its financial position and results of operations.
Enactment of the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022
On August 16, 2022, the U.S. government enacted the Inflation Reduction Act (“IRA”) which, among other changes, created a new corporate alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) based on adjusted financial statement income and imposes a 1% excise tax on corporate stock repurchases. The effective date of these provisions is January 1, 2023. The Company does not expect the enactment of the IRA will have an impact on the Company’s financial statements in 2022. The Company does not expect to be an applicable corporation subject to the AMT tax in 2023 based on its reported GAAP earnings for the past three years.
3. Business Combinations
Business Combination with CHW
As described in Note 1, the Merger with CHW was consummated on August 9, 2022 (the “Merger Date”). On the Merger Date, Wag Labs, Inc. (“Legacy Wag!”), CHW Acquisition Corporation, a Cayman Islands exempted company (“CHW”), and CHW Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of CHW (“Merger Sub”), consummated the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, dated February 2, 2022, by and among Legacy Wag!, CHW, and Merger Sub (the “Business Combination Agreement”), following the approval at an extraordinary general meeting of CHW’s shareholders held on July 28, 2022 (the “Special Meeting”).
Pursuant to the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, a business combination of Legacy Wag! and CHW was effected by the merger of Merger Sub with and into Legacy Wag!, with Legacy Wag! surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of CHW (the “Merger,” and, together with the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, the “Business Combination”). In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination on the day prior to the Merger Date, CHW changed its name from CHW Acquisition Corporation to Wag! Group Co.
The Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Under this method of accounting, CHW was
treated as the acquired company for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Business Combination was treated as the equivalent of Wag! issuing shares for the net assets of CHW, accompanied by a recapitalization. The shares and net earnings (loss) per common share prior to the Merger have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Merger (0.97 shares of the Company’s common stock for each share of Legacy Wag! common stock). The net assets of CHW have been recognized at carrying value, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. Wag! accounted for the acquisition of CHW based on the amount of net assets acquired upon consummation.
Wag! has been determined to be the accounting acquirer based on evaluation of the following facts and circumstances:
•Wag!’s shareholders have a majority of the voting power of the Post-Combination Company;
•Wag! appointed the majority of the board of directors of the Post-Combination Company;
•Wag!’s existing management comprises the management of the Post-Combination Company;
•Wag! comprises the ongoing operations of the Post-Combination Company; and
•Wag! is the larger entity based on historical revenue and has the larger employee base.
In connection with the Special Meeting and the Business Combination, the holders of 9,593,970 shares of CHW’s ordinary shares, par value $0.0001 per share, exercised their right to redeem their shares for cash at a redemption price of approximately $10.00 per share, for an aggregate redemption amount of $95,939,700. As a result, the Company received approximately $29.1 million, of which $23.9 million was placed in escrow (and classified as Restricted Cash) in accordance with the Forward Share Purchase Agreements (see section below entitled "Forward Purchase Agreements" for additional information). As of the date of the Merger, the Company also entered into a financing arrangement Blue Torch Finance, LLC and received net proceeds of $29.4 million from a Secured Note (see Note 9 - Debt for additional information). Additionally, the Company received $5 million from the PIPE and Backstop Investor as a result of the agreement entered into by CHW with the PIPE and Backstop Investor party on February 2, 2022 that closed immediately prior to the Merger.
Upon the consummation of the Merger, the following transactions occurred (the “Conversion”):
i.all outstanding shares of Legacy Wag!’s preferred stock, except for Legacy Wag! Series P Shares (as described in part (vi) below), were converted into shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, at the then-effective conversion rate as calculated pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement;
ii.the cancellation of each issued and outstanding share of Legacy Wag!’s common stock and the conversion into the right to receive a number of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to the exchange ratio of 0.97 shares of the Company’s common stock for each share of Legacy Wag! common stock;
iii.the conversion of 91,130 warrants issued and outstanding by Legacy Wag! in 2017 to two lenders (the “Legacy Wag! Common Warrants”) into warrants exercisable for shares of the Company’s common stock with the same terms except for the number of shares exercisable and the exercise price, each of which were adjusted using an exchange ratio of 0.97 for Legacy Wag! Common Warrants (further described in Note 10 - Stockholders’ Deficit and Mezzanine Equity);
iv.the conversion of all outstanding vested and unvested options to purchase shares of Legacy Wag! common stock (the “Legacy Wag! Options”) into options exercisable for shares of the Company’s common stock with the same terms and conditions as were applicable to the Legacy Wag! Options immediately prior to the Conversion, except for the number of shares exercisable and the exercise price, each of which were adjusted using the exchange ratio of 0.97 for Legacy Wag! Options;
v.the conversion of the outstanding restricted stock unit award covering shares of Legacy Wag! common stock (each, a “Legacy Wag! RSU Award”) into awards covering a number of shares of Wag! common stock (rounded down to the nearest whole number) with the same terms and conditions as were applicable to the Legacy Wag! RSU Awards immediately prior to the Conversion, except for the number of shares subject to the award, which was adjusted using the exchange ratio of 0.97 for Legacy Wag! RSU Awards;
vi.the conversion of 1,100,000 shares of Legacy Wag! Series P Shares into the Company’s common stock on a one-for-one basis;
vii.the issuance and sale of 500,000 CHW ordinary shares for a purchase price of $10.00 per share and an aggregate purchase price of $5,000,000 immediately prior to or substantially concurrently with the Merger Date;
viii.immediately prior to the Effective Time, each CHW ordinary share (including any Sponsor Shares (as defined below) not forfeited) was converted into shares of the Company’s common stock;
ix.the cancellation of 13,327 founder shares held by the Sponsor in accordance with the terms of the CHW Founders Stock Letter (as defined below) and the Business Combination Agreement;
x.the issuance of 300,000 Wag! Community Shares ("Community Shares") that the Company may distribute to members of the pet wellness and welfare community as identified by our officers and directors; and
xi.the cancellation of 20,000 founder shares held by Sponsor in connection with the Business Combination and in accordance with the CHW Founders Stock Letter and the Business Combination Agreement.
Forward Share Purchase Agreements
Simultaneously with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company deposited $24.7 million into an escrow account pursuant to Forward Share Purchase Agreements ("FPAs") entered into by CHW on August 5, 2022. In accordance with the FPAs, on the Put Date, the date of the purchase by the Company of the Investor Shares, the participating investors may elect to sell and transfer to the Company, and the Company will purchase, in the aggregate, up to 2,393,378 shares of common stock of the Company, consisting of shares of common stock then held by the Investors and not sold and repurchased by the Investor since the Merger Date. In conjunction with the sale of the Investor Shares to the Company, each Investor shall notify the Company and the Escrow Agent in writing five business days prior to the Put Date whether or not such Investor is exercising its right to sell the Investor Shares that such Investor holds to the Company pursuant to the FPAs (each, a “Shares Sale Notice”). If a Shares Sale Notice is timely delivered by an Investor to the Company and the Escrow Agent, the Company will purchase from such Investor the Investor Shares held by such Investor on the Put Date. If the Investor sells any Investor Shares in the open market after the Merger Date and prior to Put Date (such sale, the “Early Sale” and such shares, the “Early Sale Shares”), the Escrow Agent shall release from the Escrow Account to the Company an amount equal to $10.30 per Early Sale Share sold in such Early Sale.
The Company’s purchase of the Investor Shares will be made with funds from the escrow account attributed to the Investor Shares. In the event that an Investor sells any Investor Shares in an Early Sale, it shall provide notice to the Company and the Escrow Agent within three business days of such sale, and the Escrow Agent shall release from the escrow account for the Company’s use without restriction an amount equal to the pro rata portion of the escrow attributed to the Investor Shares which the Investor has sold. In the event that the Investor chooses not to sell to the Company any Investor Shares that the Investor owns as of the three-month anniversary of the Merger Date, the Escrow Agent shall release all remaining funds from the escrow account for the Company’s use without restriction. The Company accounts for the FPAs as a derivative liability, remeasured to fair value on a recurring basis, with changes in fair value recorded to earnings. For more information, see Note 6 - Fair Value Measurements.
On November 1, 2022, the Company entered into an amendment to the Forward Purchase Agreement (the “Amended Agreement”) for approximately 955 thousand shares. The Amended Agreement modified the date by which such holders may elect to have the Company repurchase their shares to November 23, 2022. No other terms were modified. Effective November 9, 2022, the remaining 1.4 million Forward Share Purchase Agreements holders elected to have the Company repurchase their remaining shares covered by the FPAs for an aggregate repurchase price of $14.8 million.
On the Merger Date, the Company entered into a financing agreement with Blue Torch Finance, LLC. See Note 9 - Debt for additional information.
The following table reconciles the elements of the Business Combination, accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 (in thousands):
Cash – CHW’s trust (net of redemptions)
|Cash – PIPE and Backstop Investor||5,202 |
|Payment of transaction costs and other related expenses||(12,729)|
|Payment of deferred transaction costs||(9,318)|
|Proceeds from merger with CHW, net of issuance costs||$||11,485 |
|Number of Shares|
CHW public shares, prior to redemptions¹
Less redemption of CHW shares
|CHW public shares, net of redemptions||2,906,030|
|PIPE and Backstop Shares||500,000|
|Business Combination and Financing Shares||6,523,530|
|Other share activity (Analyst Shares², Warrant Exercises)||122,434|
|Business Combination, Financing Shares and Other Related Shares||6,645,964|
|Legacy Wag! Shares³||31,100,000|
|Total shares of common stock immediately after Business Combination||37,745,964|
¹ Includes 2,393,378 shares of common stock of the Company subject to the Forward Share Purchase Agreements.
² 50,000 shares were issued to Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC at a price of $4.83 per share.
³ The number of Legacy Wag! shares was determined from the shares of Legacy Wag! common and preferred stock outstanding immediately prior to the closing of the Business Combination of 30,863,283, which are presented net of the common and preferred stock redeemed, converted at the exchange ratio of approximately 0.97 shares of the Company’s common stock for each share of Legacy Wag! common and preferred stock with the exception of 1,100,000 Legacy Wag! Series P Shares which converted into the Company’s common stock on a one-for-one basis.
In connection with the Business Combination, Legacy Wag! stockholders and certain members of management and employees of Legacy Wag! that held either a share of common stock, a Legacy Wag! option or a Legacy Wag! RSU Award (collectively "Eligible Company Equityholders") at the date of the Merger, have the contingent right to Earnout Shares. The aggregate number of Earnout Shares and Management Earnout Shares is 10,000,000, and 5,000,000, shares of Wag! common stock, respectively. The Earnout Shares will be issued following the Business Combination, only if certain Wag! share price conditions are met over a three-year period from the effective Merger Date. The Earnout Shares are subject to the occurrence of certain triggering events based on a three year period from the Merger Date as defined in the Business Combination Agreement as:
1.5,000,000 shares are earned if the stock price of the Company is or exceeds $12.50 for 20 out of any 30 consecutive trading days (“Triggering Event I”)
2.5,000,000 shares earned if the stock price of the Company is or exceeds $15.00 for 20 out of any 30 consecutive trading days (“Triggering Event II”); and
3.5,000,000 shares earned if the stock price of the Company is or exceeds $18.00 for 20 out of any 30 consecutive trading days (“Triggering Event III”) (collectively, the “Triggering Events”).
Additionally, if there is a change of control transaction, the agreed upon selling price of the Company on a per share basis, would be the fair value of the shares inclusive of the resulting triggered Earnout Shares upon consummation of the proposed transaction. The per share price in a change in control would be used to determine whether the Triggering Events have been met, and depending on the per share price, a certain number of shares will be issued.
The Earnout Shares and Management Earnout Shares are classified as equity transactions at initial issuance and at settlement when and if the triggering conditions are met. The Earnout shares are equity classified since they do not meet the liability classification criteria outlined in ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity and are both (i) indexed to the Company’s own shares and (ii) meet the criteria for equity classification. Until the shares are issued upon a Triggering Event, the Earnout shares are not included in shares outstanding. As of the date of the Business Combination, the Earnout share awards had a total fair value of $23.9 million determined using a Monte Carlo fair value methodology in each of the $12.50, $15.00, and $18.00 Earnout tranches multiplied by the number of Earnout Shares allocated to each individual pursuant to the calculation defined in the Business Combination Agreement. The following table provides a range of assumptions used to determine fair value:
(in whole dollars)
|Dividend Yield||Volatility||Risk-Free Interest Rate||Expected Term|
|Earnout Shares||$||8.28 ||— ||%||44.00 ||%||3.20 ||%||3|
As a result of the issuance of Community Shares, stock compensation expense incurred in connection with the Earnout Shares, and fair value measurement of the FPAs the Company incurred $39.5 million in transaction related charges in the third quarter of September 30, 2022 within General and administrative, Sales and marketing and Platform operations and support, and Change in fair value of derivative liability on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Acquisition of Compare Pet Insurance, Inc.
On August 3, 2021, the Company acquired Compare Pet Insurance, Inc. ("CPI") for $3.5 million in cash consideration, and $0.17 million in common stock consideration, consisting of a total of 639,000 units of common stock. Of the cash consideration purchase price, $1.5 million was paid on the acquisition date and the remaining $2.0 million paid pro-rata quarterly over the next three years starting in the fourth quarter of 2021. The deferred purchase consideration, which was recorded at its fair value on the acquisition date, is presented in accrued expenses and other current liabilities, as well as other non-current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet. As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the amounts included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities, as well as other non-current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet, were $1.4 million and $1.9 million, respectively. No working capital was acquired from CPI.
The purchase consideration allocation was as follows (in thousands):
August 3, 2021
|Intangible assets||$||3,045 |
|Deferred tax liabilities||(792)|
|Total purchase consideration||$||3,680 |
The table below summarizes the fair value and the estimated useful lives of the acquired intangible assets (in thousands):
|Developed technology||$||648 ||4|
|Strategic customer relationships and licenses||2,121 |
|Total intangible assets||$||3,045 |
Goodwill recorded in connection with the acquisition is primarily attributed to the assembled workforce and anticipated operational synergies. The resulting goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.
The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by offering (in thousands):
|Three Months Ended September 30,||Nine Months Ended September 30,|
|Service revenue||$||5,866 ||$||4,356 ||$||15,973 ||$||10,512 |
|Wellness revenue||9,513 ||1,524 ||21,856 ||1,524 |
|Total revenues||$||15,379 ||$||5,880 ||$||37,829 ||$||12,036 |
5. Contract Liabilities
The timing of services revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing to or collections from customers. The Company’s contract liabilities balance, which is included in gift card and subscription liabilities on the balance sheets is primarily comprised of unredeemed gift cards, prepayments received from consumers for Wag! Premium subscriptions, and certain consumer credits for which the revenue is recognized over time as they are used for services on our platform. The contract liabilities balance was $2.2 million and $1.9 million as of the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and the year ended December 31, 2021, respectively. Revenues recognized for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 related to the Company’s contract liabilities as of the beginning of the year was $0.3 million and $0.1 million, respectively.
6. Fair Value Measurements
The Company’s financial assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, by level within the fair value hierarchy, are as follows (in thousands):
|September 30, 2022|
|Level 1||Level 2||Level 3||Total|
|Money market funds||$||23,566 ||$||— ||$||— ||$||23,566 |
|Money market funds||24,719 ||— ||— ||24,719 |
|Total financial assets||$||48,285 ||$||— ||$||— ||$||48,285 |
Forward share purchase agreements
|$||— ||$||— ||$||19,668 ||$||19,668 |
|Total financial liabilities||$||— ||$||— ||$||19,668 ||$||19,668 |
|December 31, 2021|
|Level 1||Level 2||Level 3||Total|
|Money market funds||$||837 ||$||— ||$||— ||$||837 |
|Short-term investments|| |
|Corporate bonds||— ||2,554 ||— ||2,554 |
|Total financial assets||$||837 ||$||2,554 ||$||— ||$||3,391 |
Unrealized gains and losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 are immaterial.
Forward Share Purchase Agreements Liability
The liability for the Forward Share Purchase Agreements ("FPAs") was valued using a Black-Scholes Option Pricing formula, which is considered to be a Level 3 fair value measurement. The fair value of the FPAs are based on the current stock price and a weighted average of historical volatilities from select benchmark companies. The following table presents a summary of the changes in the fair value of the FPAs liability, a Level 3 liability, measured on a recurring basis:
|Fair Value as of August 9, 2022||$||5,960 |
|Change in fair value||13,708 |
|Fair value as of September 30, 2022||$||19,668 |
The following table presents the quantitative information regarding Level 3 fair value measurements of the Forward Purchase Agreements:
|September 30, 2022||August 9, 2022|
|$||10.30 ||$||10.30 |
|$||2.05 ||$||8.28 |
|42.0 ||%||70.0 ||%|
Term (in years)
|2.9 ||%||2.7 ||%|
|— ||%||— ||%|
The Company leases its facilities under non-cancelable lease agreements which expire between 2022 and 2023. Certain of these arrangements have free rent, escalating rent payment provisions, lease renewal options, and tenant allowances. Rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the noncancellable lease term.
In April 2019, the Company entered into a non-cancellable agreement to lease office space in Mountain View, California. The lease is a three-year operating lease, which includes scheduled rent escalations during the lease term. The Company had an option to extend the lease through 2025, although the Company did not exercise the option and the lease expired in the third quarter of 2022.
In February 2020, the Company entered into a non-cancellable sublease agreement for its Mountain View office space. The sublease agreement commenced on April 1, 2020. Under the term of the sublease agreement, the Company received $2.0 million in base lease payments plus reimbursement of certain operating expenses over the term of the sublease, which ended in July 2022. During the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $0.5 million and $0.7 million, respectively, of sublease income under this agreement.
In February 2020, the Company entered into a non-cancellable agreement to lease additional office space in Mountain View, California for a one-year period. There was no option to extend the lease.
In November 2021, the Company entered into a non-cancellable agreement to lease office space in Phoenix, Arizona for a 21-month period. The lease contains an escalation clause and free rent. There is no option to extend the lease.
Non-cash activities involving Right of Use ("ROU") assets, including the impact of adopting the new lease standard on January 1, 2022, were $0.5 million in assets and $0.5 million in liabilities. The Company made $0.4 million of cash payments, net of sublease income, for the Company’s operating leases in the nine months ended September 30, 2022. Rent expense for operating leases, as previously reported under former lease accounting standards, net of sublease income, was $2.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
As of September 30, 2022, the future minimum lease payments required under operating leases were as follows (in thousands):
|2022 (remaining three months)||$||92 |
|Total minimum lease payments||$||319 |
The weighted average remaining lease term and the weighted average discount rate of the Company’s operating leases is 11 months and 11% at September 30, 2022. The discount rates are generally based on estimates of the Company’s incremental borrowing rate, as the discount rates implicit in the Company’s leases cannot be readily determined.
The Company's corporate headquarters are located in San Francisco, California, pursuant to an operating lease that was to expire in August 2023. On October 28, 2022, the lease agreement was amended to extend for a period of 30 months through February 28, 2026. The monthly base rent will be $20.4 thousand for the first year and will increase by 3.0% per year over the initial term.
8. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal and other contingencies
From time to time, the Company may be a party to litigation and subject to claims, including non- income tax audits, in the ordinary course of business. The Company accrues a liability when management believes information available to it prior to the issuance of the consolidated financial statements indicates it is probable a loss has been incurred as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. The Company adjusts its accruals to reflect the impact of negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel, and other information and events pertaining to a particular case. Legal costs are expensed as incurred. Although the results of litigation and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, management concluded that there was not a reasonable probability that it had incurred a material loss during the periods presented related to such loss contingencies. Therefore, the Company has not recorded a reserve for any such contingencies.
Given the inherent uncertainties and unpredictability of litigation, the ultimate outcome of ongoing matters cannot be predicted with certainty but the Company believes it has valid defenses with respect to the legal matters pending against it. Nevertheless, the consolidated financial statements could be materially adversely affected in a particular period by the resolution of one or more of these contingencies. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on the Company because of judgment, defense, and settlement costs, diversion of management resources, and other factors. Liabilities established to provide for contingencies are adjusted as further information develops, circumstances changes, or contingencies are resolved; such changes are recorded in the accompanying statements of operations during the period of the change and reflected in accrued and other current liabilities on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
The Company has been and continues to be involved in numerous legal proceedings related to Pet Caregiver classification. In California, Assembly Bill No. 5 (AB-5) implemented a presumption that workers are
employees. However, AB-2257 exempts agencies providing referrals for certain animal services, including dog walking, from AB-5. The Company believes that it falls within this exemption. Nevertheless, the interpretation or enforcement of the exemption could change. The United States Department of Labor announced on October 11, 2022 that it would publish a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking regarding the classification of workers as independent contractors or employees. We are monitoring the development of the proposed rule and will evaluate any potential impact of the final rule on our operations.
In November 2019, California issued an assessment alleging various violations and penalties related to alleged misclassification of pet caregivers who use the Company’s platform as independent contractors. The Company has challenged both the legal basis and the amount of the assessment. The Company believes given the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the outcome of this matter cannot be predicted with certainty. Therefore, the Company has not recorded a reserve.
The Company is subject to audits by taxing authorities and other forms of investigation, audit, or inquiry conducted by federal, state, or local governmental agencies. In addition, the Company was subject to a claim with a state tax authority related to the collection of sales and use taxes in that state, which the Company challenged in court and was required to pay to the state the amount of the claim of $1.2 million as a prerequisite to the court challenge. As of December